Maximizing Home Loan Repayment? Exploring the Pros and Cons of Various Approaches

Is it Worth Prepaying Your Home Loan after an Extension of the Installment Period?" If you have taken out a home loan to finance your house purchase, you may be wondering if it's still a good idea to make a prepayment after the installment period has been extended by 5-6 years. Home loan pre-payment involves paying off your loan early, which can help you save on interest and reduce your overall financial burden.

Apr 23, 2023 - 09:44
Apr 23, 2023 - 09:54
Maximizing Home Loan Repayment? Exploring the Pros and Cons of Various Approaches
Prepayment of Home Loan

Buying a home is a significant financial decision for most people, and it often requires taking out a home loan. However, the cost of a home loan comes in the form of interest, which can be a considerable burden for homeowners, especially in big cities where property prices are high. Moreover, the recent increase in interest rates in the country has added to the interest burden, particularly for those with floating interest rates on their home loans.

Prepayment of Home Loan: Understanding the Methods and Benefits:

In order to determine whether or not to prepay a home loan, it is crucial to understand what prepayment entails and the various methods to do so. Essentially, prepayment refers to paying off a loan taken to purchase a house ahead of schedule. While it may not be feasible for most individuals to pay off the entire loan in one go, there are alternatives available. One such option is to increase the EMI or the monthly instalment amount by discussing it with the bank. This way, you can clear the loan faster. Additionally, you may choose to transfer the loan to a bank that offers lower interest rates compared to your current lender, which can reduce the number of EMIs and help you get out of debt sooner.

Maximizing Home Loan Repayment: An Alternative Approach:

There are several ways to prepay a home loan and one of them is through depositing additional income into the home loan account. Any extra income, such as a bonus or inheritance, can be used to reduce the outstanding principal amount of the home loan. This leads to a rapid reduction in the principal amount, thereby increasing the share of principal in the earlier EMI payments. This approach is an alternative to paying off the entire loan at once, which may not be feasible for everyone.

However, it is important to consider the pros and cons of home loan prepayment before deciding on a course of action. While prepayment can lead to savings in interest payments and an earlier debt-free status, it may also result in a loss of liquidity and tax benefits. Moreover, if the home loan is several years old and the borrower's income and savings have grown substantially, it may be more feasible to repay the entire amount at once.

Ultimately, the decision to prepay a home loan should be based on individual circumstances and financial goals. It is recommended that borrowers consult with their financial advisor or lender to determine the best approach to maximize their home loan repayment.

Benefits of Home Loan Prepayment

  1. Reduction in interest burden: When paying home loan instalments, you are paying both principal and interest. The longer the loan tenure, the more interest you have to pay. By prepaying your home loan, the amount of interest you would have to pay over the entire tenure of the loan is reduced. Prepaying can help you save a lot of money as interest.
  2. Get rid of debt quickly: Prepaying your home loan means getting rid of the debt burden faster. Once the loan is free, you will not have to pay EMI every month. You can use the amount you were paying for EMI to invest or for any other important work. The peace of mind you will get on being loan-free is unmatched.
  3. Better Credit Score: Prepayment of home loan also improves credit score. Lenders have confidence in your loan repayment ability, which can make it easier for you to take a loan in the future.

Understanding the Disadvantages of Home Loan Prepayment

  1. Liquidity Shortage: Prepaying your home loan can lead to a shortage of liquidity. If you put all your savings towards prepayment, you may face difficulty in raising money immediately in case of a sudden need.
  2. Opportunity Cost: The opportunity cost of prepaying your home loan is the cost of lost potential returns that you could have earned by investing your savings elsewhere. By prepaying the home loan, you may lose out on the potential returns. However, if the potential rate of return is less than the home loan interest, then it is beneficial to repay the loan. But, if the opportunity cost is high, it should be considered.
  3. Get More Returns: Investing money in stocks or mutual funds can potentially yield higher returns than the home loan interest rate. However, it should also be kept in mind that such investments come with risks and returns are not guaranteed.
  4. Pre-payment Charges: Lenders often charge a pre-payment penalty on home loan prepayment. This penalty reduces the economic benefit of repaying the loan before time. Therefore, the cost of the pre-payment penalty should also be taken into account before making any decision regarding home loan pre-payment.

How to Make the Right Decision for Home Loan Prepayment?

When it comes to prepaying a home loan, it is important to make the right decision. Here are some tips to help you decide:

  1. Pay off the costliest loan first: If you have multiple loans, pay off the one with the highest interest rate first. This will help you save more money in the long run.

  2. Consider your personal financial situation: Your income, employment status, age, and family responsibilities are important factors to consider before making any decision about home loan prepayment.

  3. Look at the interest rate: Home loan interest rates are generally lower than other loans, so if you have other loans, pay them off first.

  4. Evaluate the opportunity cost: Think about the potential returns you could earn by investing the money elsewhere instead of using it to prepay the home loan.

  5. Take into account prepayment charges: Some lenders charge a prepayment penalty, so be sure to factor in this cost before making any decision.

  6. Increase EMI or transfer to a low-interest bank: If you don't have a lump sum amount for prepayment, consider increasing your EMI or transferring your loan to a bank that offers a lower interest rate.

In conclusion, before making any decision about prepaying your home loan, it is important to evaluate all of these factors. If you have surplus funds and the peace of mind of being debt-free is important to you, then prepaying your home loan may be the right decision for you.

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